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Guard dogs

There are specific rules for guard dogs which are grouped into the following 3 categories.

  • Guard dog: A dog that is kept on a premises to guard and protect people at that location.
  • Patrol dog: A dog under the control of a person, which patrols premises for the purpose of guarding or protecting a person or property at that location.
  • Attack trained: A dog which has been specially trained or undergoing training to attack a person on command. Attack-trained dogs support police or armed forces duties and are not generally seen in the community.

The rules that apply for each follow.

Guard dog
A dog that is kept on a premises to guard and protect people at that location.

  • Must be implanted with a microchip that meets Australian Standards and contains current information.
  • Must be kept indoors, or in an enclosure that is constructed to prevent the dog from escaping.
  • Must wear a fluorescent red and yellow collar obtained from the Council.
  • May be off leash whilst on the premises they are protecting or within the premises occupied by the owner of the dog.
  • Must be on a leash in public places.
  • Signs must be displayed stating, 'Warning' -minimum font (letter size) of 60mm, 'Guard Dog Kept on These Premises' - minimum font (letter size) of 40mm and bearing a contact phone number for the owner or handler of the dog which can be accessed at all times - minimum font (letter size) of 20mm. The signs must be a minimum size of 450mm x 300mm, with a yellow background
    and black writing.

Attack trained
A dog which has been specially trained or undergoing training to attack a person on command. Attack-trained dogs support police or armed forces duties and are not generally seen in the community.

  • Must be implanted with a microchip that meets Australian Standards and contains current information.
  • Must be kept indoors, or in an enclosure that is constructed so as to prevent the dog from escaping.
  • No specific collar is required.
  • Must be on a lead in public places.
    (For retired dogs of the Crown, see Exemptions)
  • A sign must be displayed in areas in which the dog lives stating, 'Attack Trained Dog Kept on These Premises'. These signs should be a minimum size of 74mm x 105mm, with a yellow background and black writing. The minimum font (letter size) should be no smaller than 20mm high.

Patrol dog
A dog under the control of a person, which patrols premises for the purpose of guarding or protecting a person or property at that location.

  • Must be implanted with a microchip that meets Australian Standards and contains current information.
  • Must be kept indoors, or in an enclosure that is constructed to prevent the dog from escaping.
  • No specific collar is required.
  • Must be on a leash in public places.
  • Signs must be displayed in areas in which the dog is working stating, 'Warning' - minimum font (letter size) of 60mm, 'Patrol Dog Guards These Premises' - minimum font (letter size) of 40mm. The signs must be a minimum size of 450mm x 300mm, with a yellow background and black writing.
Guard dog collars

Guard dogs and dogs subject to a menacing or dangerous dog control order must wear a red and yellow striped collar to identify it. These collars are supplied by council and must conform to the following specifications.

  • Coloured in red and yellow 25mm stripes set on a 45 degrees angle
  • At least one of the two colours must reflect light in the dark
  • Be constructed of durable materials
  • Must fasten securely and have robust hardware to attached a leash securely
  • For dogs under 10kg of weight the minimum width must be 15mm
  • For dogs weighing 10-20 kgs the minimum width must be 25mm
  • For dogs weighing more than 20 kgs, the minimum width must measure 40mm
Guard dog signs

Councils can provide owners of an attack trained, guard, patrol or dangerous dog, a sign to display on their properties. Refer the >dangerous dog sign specification<.